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2011年普通高等学校招生全国统一英语考试(山东卷)

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时间:2014-04-06

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本试卷分第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分,共12页。满分150分。考试用时120分钟。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
注意事项:
  1. 答题前,考生务必用0.5毫米黑色签字笔将自己的姓名、座号、准考证号、县区和科类填写在答题卡和试卷规定的位置上。
  2. 第Ⅰ卷每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂 其他答案标号。
  3. 第Ⅱ卷必须用0.5毫米黑色签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应的位置,不能写在试卷上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不能使用涂改液、胶带纸、修正带。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。
第Ⅰ卷(共105分)
 
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)[来源:学科网]
  • 语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
       21.Take your time-it’s just_____short distance from here to_____restaurant.
              A.不填;the          B. a; the         C. the; a         D.不填;a
       22.-I’m sorry I broken the vase.
          -Oh,_____. It wasn’t very expensive.
              A. you’d better not        B. I’m afraid not          C. as you wish              D. that’s all right
       23.Find ways to praise your children often,_____ you’ll find they will open their hearts to you.
              A. till             B. or              C. and            D. but
       29.-Are you going to Tom’s birthday party?
          -_____.I might have to work.
              A. It depends         B. Thank you         C. Sound great              D. Don’t mention it
       30.I’m sorry I didn’t phone you, but I’ve been very busy_____ the past couple of weeks.
              A. beyond             B. with           C. among              D. over
       31.When I got on the bus,I_____I had left my wallet at home.
              A. was realizing            B. realized             C. have realized            D. would realize
       32.The old town has narrow streets and small houses _____are built close to each other.
              A. they           B. where        C. what          D. that
       33.We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know______ she’ll accept it.
              A. where        B. what          C. whether             D. which
34. There’s a _____ in our office that when it’s somebody’s birthday, they bring in a cake for us a ll to share.
A. tradition    B. balance     C. concern     D. relationship
35. She was surprised to find the fridge empty; the child _____ everything!
A. had been eating    B. had eaten   C. have eaten    D. have been eating
  • 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D),选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
     I first went to hear a live rock concert when I was eight years old. My brother and his friends were all ___36____ of a heavy metal group called Black Wednesday. When they ___37____ that Black Wednesday were going to perform at our local theatre, they all bought ____38___ for performance. However, at the last minute, once of the friends couldn’t go, so my brother __39_____ me the ticket. I was really ___40____!
    I remember the buzz (嘈杂声) of excitement inside the theatre as we all found our __41____ . After a few minutes, the lights went down and everybody became ___42____. I could barely make out the stage in the ___43____. We waited. Then there was a roar from the crowd, like an explosion, as the first members of the band ___44____ the stage. My brother leaned over and shouted something in my ear, but I couldn’t ____45___ what he was saying. The first song was already starting and the music was as ____46___ a jet engine. I could ___47____ the drum beats and bass notes in my stomach.
I can’t recall any of the songs that the band played. I just __48_ that I really enjoyed the show and didn’t want it to _ 49_. But in the end, after three encores (加演), the show finished. We left the  50_ and walked unsteadily out onto the pavement. I felt a little dizzy, as if I had just  51_from a long sleep. My ears were still 52_with the beat of the last song.
After the 53 , I became a Black Wednesday fan too for a few years before getting into other kinds of music. Once in a while, 54_, I listen to one of their songs and 55_I’m back at that first show.

 
 
 
 
40. A. relaxed      B. embarrassed   C. excited         D. encouraged
41. A. seats        B. entrance      C. spots          D. space
42. A. comfortable   B. quite         C. serious         D. nervous
43. A. silence       B. noise         C. darkness        D. smoke
 
 
 
 
56. Why did Arthur Miller' s father move to the USA?
       A. He suffered from severe hunger in his home country.
       B. He was attracted by the "Great American Dream.
       C. He hoped to make his son a dramatist.      
D. His family business failed.
 57. The play Death of a Salesman
       A. exposes the cruelty of the American business world      
B. discusses the ways to get promoted in a company    
 C. talks about the business career of Arthur Miller   [来源:Zxxk.Com]
 D. focuses on the skills in doing business
58. What can we learn about Willy Loman?
      A. He treats his employer badly.    
 B. He runs the Wagner Company.     
C. He is a victim of the American system.
      D. He is regarded as a hero by his colleagues.
59. After it was flist staged, Death of a Salesman
      A. achieved huge success                    
B.won the first Tony Award
      C. was warmly welcomed by salesmen          
D. was severely attacked by dramatists
60. What is the text mainly about?
      A. Arthur Miller and his family.                
B. The awards Arthur Miller won.
      C. The hardship Arthur Miller experienced.    
D.Arthur Miller and his best-known play.
                                   
  B
     Tim Richter and his wife, Linda, had taught for over 30 years near Buffalo, New York--he in computers, she in special education. "Teaching means everything to us," Tim would say. In April1998, he learned he would need a heart operation. It was the kind of news that leads to some serious thinking about life's purpose.
      Not long after the surgery, Tim saw a brochure describing Imagination Library, a program started by Dolly Parton' s foundation (基金会) that mailed a book every month to children from birth to age five in the singer's home town of Sevier, Tennessee.“I thought, maybe Linda and I could do something like this when we retire," Tim recalls.  He placed the brochure on his desk, "as a reminder."
      Five years later, now retired and with that brochure still on the desk, Tim clicked on imagination library .com. The program had been opened up to partners who could take advantage of book and postage discounts.
44. A.fell upon    B.got through     C.broke into     D.stepped onto
45. A.forget       B.hear            C. repeat         D. bear
46. A.loud         B.heard           C. sweet          D. fast
47. A.feel         B.touch           C. enjoy          D. digest
48. A.realize      B.understand      C.believe         D. remember
49. A.continue     B.delay           C.finish          D. change
50. A.party        B.theatre         C. opera          D. stage
51. A.escaped      B.traveled        C. benefited      D. woken
52. A.aching       B.burning         C. ringing        D. rolling
53. A.competition   B. performance     C. interview      D. celebration
54. A.through      B.otherwise       C. instead        D. besides
55. A.decide       B.regret          C. conclude       D. imagine
第三部分   阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
   阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。[来源:学,科,网Z,X,X,K]
                               A
   Arthur  Miller(1915-2005)is universally  recognized  as one of the greatest dramatists  of the 20th  century. Miller`s father  had  moved to the USA from  Austria Hungary.D rawn like so many other by the“Great American  Dream”Howe ver, he experienced severe financial hardship when his family business was ruined in the Great Depression of the  earlv l930s.
  Milles's most famous play, Death of a SaIesman, is a powerful attack on the American system.with its aggressive way of doing business and its insistence on money and social status as indicators of worth. In Willy Loman, the hero of the play, we see a man who has got into double with his worth. Willy is “burnt out” and in the cruel world of business there is no room for sentiment : if he can't do the work, then he is no good to his employer, the Wagner Company, and he must go. Willy is painfully aware of this, and at loss as to what t o do with his lack of sucess. He refuses to face the fact that he has failed and kills himself in the end.
    When it was first staged in 1949 ,the  play was greeted with enthusiastic revews,and it won the Tony Award for Best Play,the New York Drama Critics` Circle Award,and the Pulitzer Prize for Drama.It was the first play to win all three of these major awards.
   Millerl died  of hear failure at his home in Roxbury,Connecticut,on the even ing of February 10,2005,the 56th anniversary  of the first performance of Death of a Salesman on Broadway.[来源:学#科#网]
The quality of the books was of great concern to the Richters. Rather than sign up online, they went to Dollywood for a look-see. “We didn’t want to give the children rubbish,” says Linda. The books-reviewed each year by teachers, literacy specialists and Dollywood board members-included classics such as Ezra Jack Keats’s The Snowy Day and newer books like Anna Dewdney’s Llama Llama series.
  Satisfied, the couple set up the Richter Family Foundation and got to work. Since 2004, they have shipped more than 12,200 books to preschoolers in their in their area. Megan Williams, a mother of four, is more than appreciative: “This program introduces us to books I’ve never heard of .”
  The Richters spend about $400 a month sending books to 200 children. “Some people sit there and wait to die,” says Tim. “Others get as busy as they can in the time they have left.”

62.What did Tim want to do after learning about Imagination Library?
A.Give out brochures.                        B .Do something similar.
C. Write books for children                    D. Retire from being a teacher.
63.According to the text, Dollly Parton is           .
A. a well-known surgeon                     B. a mother of a four-year-old
C. a singer born in Tennessee                  D .a computer programmer
64.Why did the Richters go to Dollywood?
A. To avoid signing up online.
B. To meet Dollywood board members.
C. To make sure the books were the newest.
D. To see if the books were of good quality.
65.What can we learn from Tim’s words in the last paragraph?
A. He needs more money to help the children.
B. He wonders why some people are so busy.
C. He tries to save those waiting to die.
D. Hconsiders his efforts worthwhile.
C
  Diana Jacobs thought her family had a workable plan to pay for college for her 21-year-old twin sons: a combination of savings, income, scholarships, and a modest amount of borrowing. Then her husband lost his job, and the plan fell apart.
  “I have two kids in college, and I want to say ‘come home,’ but at the same time I want to provide them with a good education,” says Jacobs.
The Jacobs family did work out a solution: They asked and received more aid form the schools, and each son increased his borrowing to the maximum amount through the federal loan (贷款) program. They will each graduate with $20,000 of debt, but at least they will be able to finish school.
    With unemployment rising, financial aid administrators expect to hear more families like the Jacobs. More students are applying for aid, and more families expect to need student loans. College administrators are concerned that they will not have enough aid money to go around.
    At the same time, tuition(学费)continues to rise. A report from the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education found that college tuition and fees increa sed 439% from 1982 to 2007, while average family income rose just 147%. Student borrowing has more than doubled in the last decade,
    “If we go on this way for another 25years, we won’t have an affordable system of higher education,” says Patrick M. Callan, president of the center. “The middle class families have been financing it through debt. They will send kids to college whatever it takes, even if that means a huge amount of debt.”
    Financial aid administrators have been having a hard time as many companies decide that student loans are not profitable enough and have stopped making them. The good news, however, is that federal loans account for about three quarters of student borrowing, and the government says that money will flow uninterrupted.

67. How did the Jacobs manage to solve their problem?
    A. They asked their kids to come home.
    B. They borrowed $20,000 from the school.
    C. They encouraged their twin sons to do part-time jobs.
    D. They got help from the school and the federal government.
68. Financial aid administrators believe that _______.
    A. more families will face the same problem as the Jacobses
    B. the government will receive more letters of complaint
    C. college tuition fees will double soon
    D. America’s unemployment will fall
69.What can we learn about the middle class families from the text?
A. They blamed the government for the tuition increase.
B. Their income remained steady in the last decade.
C. They will try their best to send kids to college.
D. Their debts will be paid off within 25 years.
70.According to the last paragraph, the government will       .
A. provide most students will scholarships
B. dismiss some financial aid administrators
C. stop the companies from making student loans
D. go on providing financial support for college students
D
Since the 1970s, scientists have been searching for ways to link the brain with computers. Brain-computer interface(BCI) technology could help people with disabilities send commands to machines.
Recently, two researchers, Jose Millan and Michele Tavella from the Federal Polytechnic school in Lausanne, Switzerland, demonstrated(展示)a small robotic wheelchair directed by a person’s thoughts.
In the laboratory, Tavella operated the wheelchair just by thinking about moving his left or right band. He could even talk as he watched the vehicle and guided it with his thoughts.
“our brain has billions of nerve ceils. These send signals through the spinal cord (脊髓)to the muscles to give us the ability to move. But spinal cord injuries or other conditions can prevent these weak electrical signals from reaching the muscles,” Tavella says.  “Our system allows disabled people to communicate with external world and also to control devices.”[来源:学科网ZXXK]
The researchers designed a special cap for the user. This head cover picks up the signals from the scalp(头皮) and sends them to a computer. The computer interprets the signals and commands the motorized wheelchair. The wheelchair also has two cameras that identify objects in its path. They help the computer react to commands from the brain.                                               
Prof. Millan, the team leader, says scientists keep improving the computer software that interprets brain signals and turns them into simple commands. “The practical possibilities that BCI technology offers to disabled people can be grouped in two categories: communication, and controlling devices. One example is this wheelchair.”
He says his team has set two goals. One is testing with real patients, so as to prove that this is a technology they can benefit frotn. And the other is to guarantee that they can use the technology over long periods of time.
A. help to update computer systems      B. link the human brain with computers
C. help the disabled to recover           D. control a person's thoughts  
72. How" did Tavella operate the wheelchair in the laboratory?                                                                    
     A. By controlling his muscles.                 B. By talking to the machine.       
     C. By moving his hand.                      D. By using his mind.
73. Which of the following shows the path of the signals described in Paragraph 5?
     A. scalp→computer→cap→wheelchair
     B. computer→cap→scalp→wheelchair
     C. scalp→cap→computer→wheelchair
     D. cap→computer→scalp→wheelchair
74. The team will test with real patients to        
     A. make profits from them               B. prove the technology useful to them
      C. make them live longer               D. learn about their physical condition
75. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?
      A. Switzerland, the BCI Research Center
      B. New Findings About How the Human B rain Works
      C. BCI Could Mean More Freedom for the Disabled
      D. Robotic Vehicles Could Help to Cure Brain Injuries
  
 
 
 第Ⅱ卷(共45分)
第四部分书面表达(共两节,满分45分)
第一节阅读表达(第76题2分,  77、78、80题每题3分,第79题4分,满分l5分)  
阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意问题后的词数要求)。
[ 1 ] Do you spend over an hour each day texting messages to your friends? Do you frequently ignore work, study, and other activities to check your phone for messages? Are you anxious and restless if you are separated from your mobile phone,9 Do you hardly ever use your phone to talk any more, and do your thumbs hurt from texting too much?
      [2] If                   , then it is very possible that you are a textaholic. A textaholic can be defined as someone who is addicted to sending and receiving messages. The main symptoms are a strong desire to text messages, which takes precedence (优先)over everything else, and bad moods, low spirits and a lack of self-confidence if messages fail to come in. The root of the problem, as with many addictions, is the desire to escape from emotional difficulties such as stress, atrxiety and relationship problems. Experts warn that text addiction is likely to become the most common form of addiction in the future, especially among the young.                                    
[3] So what can you do if you think you may be a textaholic? The key is to get your life back in balance. Make sure you resist the urge to answer every message you receive, and consider leaving your mobile phone behind occasionally when you go out. Most importantly, make a point of spending quality time with friends and family, and make time to re-learn the art of face-to-face conversation instead of conducting your relationships by means of text messages. Not only will you save time and money, but you may also rediscover the pleasure of true communication.
76. How does the author intr oduce the topic of the text? (no more than 5 words)
77. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words. (no more than 8 words)
78. What emotional difficulties may be the causes of text addiction? (no more than 5 words)
79. What do experts say about text addiction? (no more than 14 words)
80. What is the main idea of Paragraph 3? (no more than 8 words)
第二节写作(满分30分)
    假设你是李华,你的美国朋友Tom上个月来到北京学习。七月份你将去北京参加暑期中
学生英语演讲比赛(speech contest),你在资料搜集、语言运用等方面遇到了困难。请根据以下
要点给Tom写一封电子邮件:
    1.询问Tom的生活和学习情况;
    2.谈谈你的困难并请Tom帮忙;
    3.告诉Tom你打算赛后去看他。
注意:1.词数:120—150;
    2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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